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Mountain Dictionary

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Bouldering
A type of rock climbing that takes place without using ropes or harnesses. Climbers will more often boulder indoors with padded floors, but will lay foam pads (bouldering mats) on the floor if bouldering outdoors to protect from any falls. Climbers rarely boulder above around five metres above ground.
Belay
Hip Belay.
Bivy (Bivouac)
.
Bollard
.
Bouldering Mat (Crash Pad)
.
Cam
.
Climbing Chalk
. See also Liquid Chalk.
Cornice
A cornice, or snow cornice, is an overhanging ledge of snow on a ridge or the crest of a mountain and along the sides of gullies. They are seen as extremely dangerous and should be avoided passing both on top of and closely below, as they can collapse and cause the climber to either fall with it, or be hit by the snow that falls from it. They are generally a result of the wind blowing snow across in one direction creating this snow ledge.
Crack Climbing
.
Crag
.
Crampon
A piece of metal equipment with sharp points that you attach to the bottom of your boots for climbing on snow or ice, for giving better grip.
Crest
.
Deep-Water Soloing
.
Dyno
.
Fixed Ropes
.
Foothold
.
Free Solo
.
Glissade
.
Heel Hook
.
Hand Jam
.
Hook
.
Ice Axe
.
Lead Climbing
.
Liquid Chalk
.
Piton
.
Pitch
.
Prominence
Prominence, or relative height, is the height of a mountain's summit relative to the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it.
Protection
.
Quickdraws (Extenders)
.
Sit Start
.
Self-Arrest
.
Serac
.
Scrambling
A type of climbing that feels like the middle ground between hiking and rock climbing. It typically requires using hands to pull yourself over rocks and ledges but is not full-on vertical rock-climbing and typically does not require rope.
Scree
.
Skittling
.
Spotting
.
Sport Climbing
.
Sweeper
.
Trad Climbing
.
Via Ferrata
.
Word
.